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THE BASICS TO
The sport of
lacrosse is similar to the sports of
basketball, soccer and hockey. Anyone
can play lacrosse--the big or the small.
The game requires and rewards coordination
and agility, not brawn. Quickness and
speed are two highly prized qualities
sport, lacrosse is fast-paced and full
of action. Long sprints up and down
the field with abrupt starts and stops,
precision passes, and dodges are routine
in men's and women's lacrosse. Lacrosse
is played with a stick, the crosse,
which must be mastered by the player
to throw, catch, and scoop the ball.
is one of the fastest growing team
sports in the United States. Youth
membership (ages 15 and under) in US
Lacrosse has more than tripled since
1999 from 40,000 to over 125,000. No
sport has grown faster at the high
school level over the last 10 years
and there are now an estimated 169,000
high school players. Lacrosse is also
the fastest-growing sport over the
last five years at the NCAA level and
that's just the tip of the iceberg.
There are more than 400 college club
programs, the majority of which compete
under the umbrella of US Lacrosse and
its "intercollegiate associates" level.
THE RIGHT LACROSSE
The rules of
lacrosse for boys and girls are very
different and require much different
types of pads equipment.
The boys wear
a lot of protective gear that is required
that include a helmet, shoulder pads,
elbow pads, gloves, and mouth guard.
Suggested equipment include a cup,
cleats (soccer, football, or lacrosse)
and any athletic gear you are comfortable
wearing. Despite what many people think
you do not wear anything on your legs.
Every player is required to have a
stick that meet the approved specifications.
girls wear eye protection and a mouth
guard. Other then that, they can wear
hand protection but it is not required
since there is far less contact then
the boys. Every girl needs a girl’s
lacrosse stick which have different
requirements then the boys.
Just like any other fast moving and exciting sport where men, women or kids are chasing balls and wielding sticks around at high speed, there is a certain amount of safety gear involved when playing the sport of Lacrosse. Probably the most important piece of equipment you’ll need (apart from your Lacrosse stick of course) is your Lacrosse helmet.
How to Fit Your Lacrosse Helmet
Lacrosse helmets are designed to protect the players heads from injury, but just like anything else in this life, they only work properly if they fit properly. They have hard plastic on the outside with padding on the inside. A chin strap makes sure that it stays on your head (hopefully) without wiggling about too much, and there is a wire face mask which completely covers the players face. So, what are the key points to remember when fitting your Lacrosse helmet?
Across the brow - Lacrosse helmets have to fit well for protection, but it’s also important that you can see what you’re doing! For this reason the brow of your helmet ought to be only around one fingers width of space above your eyebrows, maximum protection, maximum visibility, job done!
Nice and snug – your Lacrosse helmet should sit squarely but feel nice and snug yet very firm. The skin on your forehead should “go with it” if the helmet is moved upwards, downwards or from side to side. The chin strap needs to be sufficiently tight to hold your helmet on, but not too tight to cause a headache! They also have a knob at the back of the helmet which can be turned to tighten or loosen the helmet – what a good idea!
Lacrosse Helmet maintenance - is important, after all, in order to save your head it’s got to be working properly. U.S. Lacrosse recommends players prepare their helmet for each new season by replacing screws, nuts and the face-mask if it’s got a bit bent. Also worth bearing is mind is that, if you drastically change your hair style, ie go from very long hair to very short, you might need to change your helmet too!
Manufactuers recommendations - are that you should follow specific sizing instructions when buying a new Lacrosse helmet, and don’t be tempted to decorate your helmet with stickers or graphics, it can damage the outer case and cause it to be less efficient.
attackman's responsibility is to score
goals. The attackman generally restricts
his play to the offensive end of the
field. A good attackman demonstrates
excellent stick work with both hands
and has quick feet to maneuver around
the goal. Each team should have three
attackmen on the field during play.
midfielder's responsibility is to cover
the entire field, playing both offense
and defense. The midfielder is a key
to the transition game, and is often
called upon to clear the ball from
defense to offense. A good midfielder
demonstrates good stick work including
throwing, catching and scooping. Speed
and stamina are essential. Each team
should have three midfielders on the
defenseman's responsibility is to defend
the goal. The defenseman generally
restricts his play to the defensive
end of the field. A good defenseman
should be able to react quickly in
game situations. Agility and aggressiveness
are necessary, but great stick work
is not essential to be effective. Each
team should have three defensemen on
Goal: The goalie's
responsibility is to protect the goal
and stop the opposing team from scoring.
A good goalie also leads the defense
by reading the situation and directing
the defensemen to react. A good goalie
should have excellent hand/eye coordination
and a strong voice. Quickness, agility,
confidence and the ability to concentrate
are also essential. Each team has one
goalie in the goal during play.
MEN'S LACROSSE RULES
is a contact game played by ten players:
a goalie, three defensemen, three midfielders
and three attackmen. The object of the
game is to shoot the ball into the opponent's
goal. The team scoring the most goals
Each team must
keep at least four players, including
the goalie, in its defensive half of
the field and three in its offensive
half. Three players (midfielders) may
roam the entire field.
are 60 minutes long, with 15-minute quarters.
Generally, high school games are 48 minutes
long, with 12-minute quarters. Likewise,
youth games are 32 minutes long, with
eight-minute quarters. Each team is given
a two-minute break between the first
and second quarters, and the third and
fourth quarters. Halftime is ten minutes
Teams change sides
between periods. Each team is permitted
two timeouts each half. The team winning
the coin toss chooses the end of the
field it wants to defend first.
The players take
their positions on the field: four in
the defensive clearing area, one at the
center, two in the wing areas and three
in their attack goal area.
begins with a face-off. The ball is placed
between the sticks of two squatting players
at the center of the field. The official
blows the whistle to begin play. Each
face-off player tries to control the
ball. The players in the wing areas can
run after the ball when the whistle sounds.
The other players must wait until one
player has gained possession of the ball,
or the ball has crossed a goal area line,
before they can release.
are also used at the start of each quarter
and after a goal is scored. Field players
must use their crosses to pass, catch
and run with the ball. Only the goalkeeper
may touch the ball with his hands. A
player may gain possession of the ball
by dislodging it from an opponent's crosse
with a stick check. A stick check is
the controlled poking and slapping of
the stick and gloved hands of the player
in possession of the ball.
Body checking is
permitted if the opponent has the ball
or is within five yards of a loose ball.
All body contact must occur from the
front or side, above the waist and below
the shoulders, and with both hands on
the stick. An opponent's crosse may also
be stick checked if it is within five
yards of a loose ball or ball in the
air. Aggressive body checking is discouraged.
If the ball or
a player in possession of the ball goes
out of bounds, the other team is awarded
possession. If the ball goes out of bounds
after an unsuccessful shot, the player
nearest to the ball when and where it
goes out of bounds is awarded possession.
An attacking player
cannot enter the crease around the goal,
but may reach in with his stick to scoop
a loose ball.
A referee, umpire
and field judge supervise field play.
A chief bench official, timekeepers and
MEN'S LACROSSE PERSONAL AND TECHNICAL
There are personal
fouls and technical fouls in boy's lacrosse.
The penalty for a personal foul results
in a one to three minute suspension from
play and possession to the team that
was fouled. Players with five personal
fouls are ejected from the game. The
penalty for a technical foul is a thirty-second
suspension if a team is in possession
of the ball when the foul is committed,
or possession of the ball to the team
that was fouled if there was no possession
when the foul was committed.
when a player's stick viciously contacts
an opponent in any area other than the
stick or gloved hand on the stick.
when a player obstructs his opponent
at or below the waist with the crosse,
hands, arms, feet or legs.
Cross Checking: Occurs
when a player uses the handle of his
crosse between his hands to make contact
with an opponent.
Conduct: Occurs when any player
or coach commits an act which is considered
unsportsmanlike by an official, including
taunting, arguing, or obscene language
Roughness: Occurs when a player
strikes an opponent with his stick
or body using excessive or violent
Crosse: Occurs when a player
uses a crosse that does not conform
to required specifications. A crosse
may be found illegal if the pocket
is too deep or if any other part of
the crosse was altered to gain an advantage.
Body Checking: Occurs when
any of the following actions takes
a. body checking
an opponent who is not in possession
of the ball or within five yards of a
b. avoidable body
check of an opponent after he has passed
or shot the ball.
c. body checking
an opponent from the rear or at or below
d. body checking
an opponent above the shoulders. A body
check must be below the shoulders and
above the waist, and both hands of the
player applying the body check must remain
in contact with his crosse.